It is important for you and your doctor to discuss the appropriate care needed after your surgery. You can print out this postprocedure care guide and have your doctor use it to give you specific instructions.
After anal or rectovaginal fistula repair, some of your doctor’s recommendations may include:
  • Maintain a liquid diet for 2 days after the procedure (e.g., soup, pudding, etc.).
  • Begin eating a high-fiber diet after 2 days.
  • Use stool softeners for 2 weeks.
  • Use the bathroom at least once a day.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medicine as needed.
  • Do not use topical steroids, such as over-the-counter hemorrhoidal creams.
  • Do not lift anything over 10 pounds for 2 weeks (6 weeks for rectovaginal fistula).
  • Avoid any exercise more strenuous than a gentle walk for 2 weeks (6 weeks for rectovaginal fistula).
  • Abstain from sexual intercourse and other forms of vaginal/rectal insertion (e.g., tampons) for at least 2 weeks if you had an anal fistula repair and for 6 weeks with rectovaginal fistula repair.
  • Shower standing up and bathe the area with water to soothe and keep it clean.
  • Expect some drainage for 2-4 weeks. Drainage can continue for up to 12 weeks after the procedure.


Biodesign may not be the appropriate treatment option for your condition.
Information provided on this site is not intended to replace consultation with a medical professional.

NOTE: Any surgery has the potential for complications. The following complications are possible with the use of Biodesign® Advanced Tissue Repair Products: bleeding, infection, abscess, induration, acute or chronic inflammation (initial application of surgical graft materials may be associated with transient, mild, localized inflammation), allergic reaction, visceral adhesions, fistula formation, seroma formation, hematoma, extrusion, recurrence of tissue defect, and delayed or failed incorporation of the device. Not all part numbers listed on this website are approved for sale in all regulatory jurisdictions. Consult with your local Cook representative or customer service center for details.